The New Jersey Comprehensive Stroke Center at University Hospital
Treatment & Rehabilitation Introduction
Generally, there are three treatment stages for stroke: prevention, acute and intensive care, and post-stroke recovery and rehabilitation. Acute stroke therapies try to stop a stroke while it is happening and minimize the damage it can cause. Intensive care is required following intervention to ensure that unaffected portions of the brain do not become damaged and to prevent complications — many of which could prove life threatening.
The options for treating stroke during the acute phase have evolved dramatically since the 1990s. For example, new drugs can open clogged vessels. And in the hands of skilled neuro-interventionalists, miniature mechanical tools can be placed in arteries in minimally invasive procedures to remove clots involved in ischemic stroke or seal off a ruptured aneurysm involved in hemorrhagic stroke.
A comprehensive stroke center offers the widest range of treatment options. One that is affiliated with a teaching institution may even offer “next-generation” treatment options that are investigational or in clinical trials and not yet widely available. Treatment at a comprehensive stroke center, which is prepared around the clock to respond to acute stroke, greatly increases a patient’s chance of survival with no or minimal disabilities.